Jason Carr, Former Our Site Editor-in-Chief

Jason has been working in the pet industry for over eight years. He spent three years as an editor, writer and researcher for Our Site, and two years as Editor-in-Chief.

He is a lover of all animals, and has a passion for writing. He has worked with some the most influential writers and bloggers in the country. These authors have included respected veterinarians, behavior experts and many amazing pet parents. Jason used the knowledge and experience gained from such experts to write accurate and unique content for Our Site.

Wayne State University

WDET has been recognized for its feature reporting with a regional Edward R. Murrow Awards in the Large Market Radio category. The Radio Television Digital News Association’s (RTDNA) Edward R. Murrow Awards are among the most prestigious in broadcast and digital news. Regional Murrow Awards are presented to small and large radio, television and digital outlets based on 14 geographic regions.


Ryan Patrick Hooper’s winning story, “Would You Rent a Stray Dog From the City of Detroit?,” is about The Friends of Detroit Animal Care and Control’s Detroit Dogventures program, part of the nonprofit’s mission to “help the homeless animals in our city.” The group directly supports Detroit Animal Care and Control, which is an animal shelter operated by the City of Detroit. The Dogventures allow volunteers to take dogs out of the shelter for one-day adventures around the city of Detroit — Hooper, who co-hosts the WDET midday show CultureShift, coined the phrase “rent a dog” during his interview with board member Margo Butler.

Regional winners of the Murrow Awards automatically advance to the national Edward R. Murrow Awards competition, which will be judged in May. A complete list of the 2020 Regional Edward R. Murrow Awards winners can be found here.

WDET competes in Region 7 in the Large Market Radio category, which consists of public and commercial radio stations in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.


The Radio Television Digital News Association is the world's largest professional organization devoted exclusively to electronic journalism. RTDNA has been honoring excellence in journalism with the Edward R. Murrow Awards since 1971, and the Murrow Awards are among the most respected journalism awards in the world.

About WDET-FM 101.9

For more than 70 years, from our Midtown Detroit location on the campus of Wayne State University, WDET-FM 101.9, Detroit’s NPR Station, delivers a unique mix of news, conversation, special programs and music programming. Our powerful 48,000-watt broadcast signal reaches a 70-mile radius across all of Southeast Michigan, Northwest Ohio and Southwest Ontario. It expands nationally through our live stream, website, mobile app and podcasts. WDET-FM 101.9 is a community service of Wayne State University. Support for WDET comes from Wayne State, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, local foundations, and through private donors and corporate underwriting.

Food Microbiology

Currently, a “multiple-hurdle” approach based on a combination of different antimicrobial interventions, including heat, is being utilized during meat processing to control the burden of spoilage and pathogenic bacteria. Our recent study suggests that U.S. beef cattle harbor Escherichia coli that possess the locus of heat resistance (LHR).

Poultry litter and other biological soil amendments are commonly used fertilizers in fruit and vegetable production and can introduce enteric pathogens such as Escherichia coli O157:H7 or Salmonella previously associated with outbreaks of illness linked to contaminated produce. E. coli .

The use of fungicides represents the most effective and widely used strategy for controlling postharvest diseases. However, their extensive use has raised several concerns, such as the emergence of plant pathogens’ resistance as well as the health risks associated with the persistence of chemical residues in fruits, vegetables, and the environment.

Journal of Pharmacy Practice

Check out our latest collection: COVID-19 Pharmacotherapy Reviews and Research

Call for Papers: JPP is requesting content related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Please note we are fast tracking all papers that pertain to this topic.

COVID-19 Update: JPP sincerely wishes our readers, authors, and reviewers the very best during this time. Understandably, peer-review may be slowed due to institutional closures and we thank you for your patience.

Check out JPP's Editor's Choice collection for highlighted articles from each issue! These articles are open access for a short period of time.

Soldiers help Afghan farmers


When Col. Eric Peck's soldiers teach farmers in Afghanistan how to improve their crops, the uniform of the day is green digital camouflage fatigues, rifles and body armor.

The Kansas National Guard soldiers in Peck's Agribusiness Development Team are on a mission to help farmers in mountainous eastern Afghanistan in Laghman Province. But they are in a combat zone, where the enemy can't tell the difference between American soldiers riding along a road on a combat mission and Peck's unit traveling between farms and the forward operating base his team lives in.

American soldiers in uniform all look the same to the enemy, Peck said.

"When they train to go over, they train to be in combat because there is the potential they will be in battle," Kansas National Guard spokeswoman Sharon Watson said of the ADT unit.

Some of the 63 Kansas Guardsmen are trained strictly to provide security. The Guard members are from Topeka, Lawrence, Eudora, Garden City, Colby, the Pittsburg area and Wichita.

The ADT unit is a mix of Army Guard soldiers and Air Guard airmen. Peck is a 35-year veteran of the Army National Guard, and Maj. Blaine Clowser, the agricultural section leader, is in the Air Guard.

"The kind of mission we have kind of dictates that it is more about civilian skills than it is about military skills, although we use both of them," Peck said. "The vast majority of team members have been involved with farming or ranching at some point in their lives."

Peck ranched and farmed as he grew up in the Manhattan area, graduated in 1981 from Kansas State University with a degree in journalism, and now has a 160-acre farm near Manhattan where he and his wife raise horses and hay. Before the ADT mission, Peck was chief of the joint staff.

Members of the unit's agricultural section either have a degree in agribusiness or have worked in their area of expertise.

The team works directly with many Afghan farmers, as well as local elders, provincial and district government officials, and local businesses in agriculture. The ADT mainly is teaching methods of tilling, planting, irrigation and harvesting. Team members also test soil, check water, survey watersheds, work with local veterinarians on animal health, train on plant production techniques and conduct extension courses.

The ADT is developing a research and demonstration farm with the director of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock (DAIL), the Afghan equivalent of the state secretary of agriculture, to determine what grows well before introducing it to local farmers. The team also has established demonstration plots where the Afghan farmer does the work using American techniques, supplies and equipment.

Aid to the Afghan farmers also reaches back to Kansas State, which is a "huge resource" for the team, Peck said.

Fred Cholick, dean of the KSU College of Agriculture, said helping the Afghan farmers is a mission of K-State.

"Our whole mission is to serve people," Cholick said. "We live in a global world. (Aiding Afghan farmers) is just completing a land grant mission beyond the borders of Kansas."

Cholick and Peck talked before the ADT went overseas about what kind of training the team should undergo. KSU is retooling that training for the next Kansas Guard team going to Afghanistan.

The team sends digital photographs of pests and soils to KSU faculty members who analyze them, then send the analyses back, the dean said. Cholick went to Kabul in October 2007 as part of a U.S. Agency for International Development project.

Peck said his job is to work with the provincial governor and staffs so they can build the capacity of the provincial and district agricultural officials to improve agricultural production, storage, processing and education.

The plan is that by the time the ADTs leave in four or five years, Afghan farmers and provincial leaders can keep the agricultural progress moving forward, Peck said.

Besides Kansas, ADT units from Tennessee, Nebraska and Missouri also are being sent to Afghanistan. The Kansas ADT unit will serve a one-year deployment, then two more ADT units from the Kansas Guard will serve a year each.

The Afghan farmers have been "very receptive" to ADT help and advice from team members, Peck said.

"We respect the hard work it takes to farm here, particularly because many farmers do quite a bit of their work by hand," Peck said.

The team sees a variety of farming methods, ranging from hand tools only to livestock teams to quite a few tractors.

"It is not unusual to see all three methods when we travel on one of our missions, many times in adjoining fields," Peck said.

Afghan fields are much smaller than in Kansas, meaning large tractors and implements wouldn't work there.

"But the smaller tractors, implements, hand tractors and even livestock teams work well," Peck said.

Laghman Province is known for growing wheat, rice, corn, many types of vegetables, peaches, apricots, plums, grapes, pomegranates and some oranges.

Summer temperatures in Laghman are similar to southwest Kansas, climbing to 110 to 120 degrees with little humidity, then dropping to the 80s and 90s. The soil is a sandy loam requiring irrigation. Snow melt from the mountains is making the rivers run heavy, and the water is feeding the irrigation canals, some used since the Alexander the Great invaded the country in the 4th century B.C., Peck said.

Land southwest of the Laghman Province capital of Mehtar Lam resembles the rugged Badlands of South Dakota, and mountains in the Dowlat Shah district top more than 15,000 feet. The province is sandwiched between Kabul, the Afghan capital, to the west and the historic Khyber Pass linking Afghanistan to Pakistan to the east.

Besides improved farming techniques, the ADT is offering crops to Afghan farmers to grow other than opium poppies.

Afghanistan is a major producer of opium, according to the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime. In 2008, the country grew 95 percent of the world production of 8,000 metric tons of opium, the UNODC 2009 report said. A year earlier, Afghanistan grew 8,100 metric tons, or 94.1 percent of the world's production of the drug.

Peck said the ADT team has seen some opium poppies but not many because it is working and traveling in the main valleys, where the crop staples of wheat, rice and the like are grown.

"Up in the side valleys, you'll occasionally see some patches (of opium,)" Peck said. Some patches "are no bigger than the size of a small room." People say some farmers grow the small plots for personal use, Peck said.

For the most part, the province is pretty much "poppy free," especially the main parts where they farm, the colonel said.

The ADT's task isn't to intercept opium shipments or eradicate the poppy crops, Peck said.

"We're just trying to introduce viable alternatives that people can make a better living at, maybe not to the extent they can with opium, but a more honorable living," Peck said.

One money-making crop is saffron crocus, a flower used to make spice and dye and is a source of medicine.

Demonstration plots are being put up to show alternative crops to Afghan farmers.

"Farmers are farmers everywhere you go, and you have to show them that something will work before they'll take it up," Peck said.

They are interested in improving their farming techniques and talking to the team about improved seeds, he said.

The ADT is "making excellent progress" working with DAIL and local university students on an extension program to educate farmers to improve their farming methods, Peck said.

The ADT soldiers and airmen are attacked infrequently, Peck said.

"It's not a daily thing," Peck said. "Somebody, somewhere in this province will get attacked on a weekly basis. It's the nature of the beast in this area. If they think they can attack you, they will."

The enemy has attacked the ADT with rockets and mortar rounds, but so far, the team hasn't suffered casualties. Laghman is "reasonably secure," but some areas require more caution than others, the colonel said.

"Most of the time we travel with several vehicles, sometimes we walk," Peck said. "Anytime anyone travels in Afghanistan, they watch for improvised explosive devices and mined areas that are left from earlier conflicts."

ADT members aren't especially at risk when working on the ag missions but are when they travel to and from the missions, Peck said.

A threat assessment map by the Afghan government shows Laghman Province to be at medium risk of attack by the Taliban or other insurgents, a Reuters news agency story said in early August. About half of the country is under high risk of attack or is under enemy control, Reuters reported.

Watch the video: Interview with Richard White, Chief Editor of Scientific Reports (October 2021).

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