In Japan, Akita Inu is considered as part of the national natural heritage, as are geishas and sumo. This breed is also very popular in the country as it is considered a true good luck charm. The name "Akita" comes from a region located on the island of Honshu, and "inu" which means "dog" in Japanese; composing the full name of the dog Akita Inu.
Some historians point to the breed's emergence about four thousand years ago, however, the earliest known examples of the breed were recorded from the 15th century. Originally, this dog was classified as large, being used by the warriors of Japan as a defense and attack dog for many years.
During World War II, a male crossed a female of the breed Akita with a German Shepherd male, and the puppies were sold to American soldiers. From this, the canine breed named Akita Americano was created, becoming popular very quickly and starting to be commercialized in different parts of the world.
Currently, the two races coexist; although, due to the release of the film “Semper ao Seu Lado” - which highlights actor Richard Gere as the protagonist and tells the well-known Japanese story of the Hachiko dog, it has greatly increased the popularity and recognition of Akita Inu dogs in relation to the American Akita.
According to this beautiful, ancient and real story (which turned into a movie and ended up on the big screen in 2009), a university professor is faced with the little dog of the Akita Inu breed that fell out of the transport box in which he was taken to be adopted, instantly occurring a strong connection between the two - which makes the man end up adopting the dog for himself.
Over time, the special friendship between the two grows and a custom is created: every morning, when the teacher leaves home for work, the puppy (now baptized Hachiko, or Hachi) follows him to the train station, awaiting your return in the late afternoon so that you can follow him home again.
However, an accident ends up causing the teacher's death, leaving the puppy waiting for him at the train station. Not knowing what had happened to his dear owner, the Hachiko dog he returned to the train station every day for more than ten years, in the hope that the teacher would return.
In order to record this beautiful story on people's heads and also pay homage to the Hachi dog, the famous Japanese sculptor Tern Ando built, in 1934, a bronze statue of the dog, which is located until today in front of the station where the animal waited for his owner every day, being considered a well-known tourist spot in the city of Tokyo, Japan.
The Akita Inu is docile, active, independent and obedient, but cannot be considered as a submissive dog. Among his most admirable qualities are adjectives such as loyalty (referring, once again, to the story of the Hachiko dog). Affectionate with his tutors and extremely loyal to the owner, the Akita it is also a very companion dog.
As previously mentioned, this dog is usually extremely attached to its owner, and this always makes him feel very suspicious of strangers or strangers - a characteristic that makes the Akita Inu can be used as a good watchdog. .
Quiet most of the time, this dog only barks when it thinks something is wrong, proving that its gifts for jobs and activities that involve guarding and protecting people (or even properties) are many. In addition to having a great sense of protection and defense, the Akita Inu dog it is also an extremely intelligent animal; it even ranks 54th in the ranking of the smartest dog breeds worldwide.
Akita Inu has a very solid and compact body structure. This dog's ears are small, hard and rounded at the tips, and its tail is thick and curled forward. Its limbs are strong, powerful and its bone structure is very heavy. The outer layer of his coat is smooth and highlights a somewhat hard texture, with the inner layer having the finest and most abundant hair.
The coloration of the coat of the dogs of the breed can be of varied appearances, including shades that pass for the white, the gray and even the brindle. That same layer of hair that can give a more interesting and eye-catching look to the Akita dog it is the same that protects you from the cold - this is a dog resistant to very extreme and negative temperatures, as well as dogs of the Siberian Husky breed.
Being able to measure up to 70 centimeters in height (as a male, since the females of the breed tend to be a little smaller), the Akita Inu dog has a weight that revolves around 50 kilos, needing approximately 600 grams of feed daily so that stay healthy and energized.
Although the best place to keep this dog is in an outdoor garden, the Akita is a breed perfectly adapted to life inside the house, as long as it can have ten to twenty minutes of exercise daily. Physical activity is an extremely important factor for puppies of this breed, and the lack of movement can contribute to the emergence of health in Akita.
Due to the abundant coat of the breed, it is important to brush your hair daily (or at least weekly) to prevent the formation of knots and the accumulation of dirt - which can trigger various skin problems such as dermatitis.
Although the Akita Inu be a strong dog, as he is stocky and tends to develop diseases such as hip dysplasia, thyroid dysfunction, various diseases of the immune system and knee problems.
With a life expectancy of around 12 years, the dog of this specific breed can also suffer from elbow dysplasia, episodes of epilepsy, skin problems (such as dermatitis) and some eye complications; such as entropion (when the edges of the animal's eyelids turn inward, causing the dog's eyelashes to hurt the animal's retina) or progressive retinal atrophy, a serious problem that can lead to blindness.